Numerous studies have taken place throughout the world, particularly in the United States of America, relating to ‘low speed’ collisions and in particular to the effects upon occupants.
A number of studies suggest a threshold of 5 mph. In other words the resultant change in velocity for a struck vehicle in a rear-end collision.
In March 2005 a number of ‘roll into’ tests were undertaken, and in June 2005 further full scale testing was completed.
The June 2005 testing was completed using different vehicles in a variety of tests. Accelerometers were placed both in vehicles and their occupants.
This technical paper relates to the findings of Crash Test 2 which was part of the June 2005 programme.